1820s, Canberra's European settlement
began in the region.
1823, First Homestead/ Station
was built on what is now “Acton Peninsula” by stockmen employed by Joshua John Moore. He purchased the site on 16 December 1826 naming the property “Canberry”.
1841 Canberra's St John The Baptist Church
- Construction commenced in Reid.
1851 Canberra's European Population Est. 2500
but the indigenous population had declined to less than 100
1908 Nation's Capital - Canberra Selected
as Location of the nation's capital as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's two largest cities. Following an international contest for the city's design, a blueprint by American architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected.
1913 Construction of Canberra commenced.
The Griffins' plan featured geometric motifs such as circles, hexagons and triangles, and was centred on axes aligned with significant topographical landmarks in the Australian Capital Territory.
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