1845 The Geelong Keys
were discovered by Governor Charles La Trobe on Corio Bay. They were embedded in the stone in such a way that he believed they had been there for 100-150 years, possibly dropped by Portuguese explorers.
1849 Inaugural Mayor of Geelong Town Council
Captain Fyans was nominated. Early settler Alexander Thomson, settled on the Barwon River and was Mayor of Geelong on five occasions from 1850 to 1858.
1851 Gold Discovered in nearby Ballarat
causing the Geelong Region population to grow to 23,000 by mid 1850s.
1852 The Geelong Hospital
1853 Port of Geelong
development began with the creation of the first shipping channel in Corio Bay
1855 Construction of Geelong Town Hall
1857 Geelong to Melbourne Railway
1859 Rabbits introduced to Australia
by Thomas Austin who imported them from England for hunting purposes at his Barwon Park property near Winchelsea.
1861 Geelong's best known department stores
“Bright and Hitchcocks” was established
1864 HM Prison Geelong
built with convict labour, opened.
1866 “Geelong Register” Newspaper
started by Graham Berry as a rival to the established “Geelong Advertiser”. This proved unsuccessful, so he bought the “Advertiser” and made himself the editor of the two merged newspapers which he used as a platform to be elected for West Geelong in 1869.
1868 Victoria's First Woollen Mill
opened at South Geelong.
1869 Geelong's Fire at Yarra St Pier.
The clipper “Lightning” caught fire and was cast adrift in Corio Bay to burn and finally sunk by artillery fire.
1872 The Geelong Cup
was first held
1877 Graham Berry switched to Geelong
electorate which he represented until 1886 and served as Victorian Premier in 1875, 1877-1880 and 1880-1881.
1879 Geelong Exhibition Building
1910,8 Dec, The Town of Geelong Officially a City
and gained a number of essential services, with electric light, water and sewerage. Industry began.
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